Ruan Rocha da Silva, 18, was caught trying to steal five cans of deodorant from a supermarket in Sao Paulo.
Silva made headlines last year after two men tortured him by tattooing his forehead as a punishment for trying to steal a bike.
Tattoo artist Maycon Wesley Carvalho, 27, and his neighbour Ronildo Moreira de Aruajo, 29, were both found guilty by a judge, with Carvalho given a sentence of three years and four months in prison and Aruajo three years and five months.
Both were caught by police after filming themselves inking the tattoo and sending the images to friends.
In the video, Carvalho can be heard saying: 'It is going to hurt, it is going to hurt.'
In the most recent case, Silva was caught by a shop assistant trying to steal the deodorant before he was taken to a police station.
Silva was arrested and charged but he was released after paying the 1,000 Brazilian real (£213) bail and is awaiting trial.
A cousin of the alleged thief told reporters that Silva's shoplifting was down to a relapse in his drug use.
Silva's lawyers had told the judge in the tattoo case that Silva had been addicted to crack cocaine and alcohol and was receiving treatment.